Cookies are text files that contain bundles of information that are stored on the directory of the web browser of a user’s computer or mobile device (e.g. notebook, tablet, smartphone, etc.) every time a website is accessed online through a browser. Whenever this website is visited again subsequently, the browser sends these cookies to the website that originated them or to another website.
The cookies allow websites to record some information so that the person visiting the website can explore it quickly and easily. A cookie cannot bring up any other data from the user’s hard drive, nor can it transmit computer viruses or obtain email addresses. Every cookie is unique to the user’s browser. Similar technologies, e.g. web beacons or transparent GIFs, can be used to gather information on a user’s behavior and his/her use of the services.
Types of Cookies
1. Strictly Necessary Cookies
This type of cookies enables the website to function correctly and are essential to allow the user to browse the website and use its features. There are two types of strictly necessary cookies: persistent: once the browser has been closed, they are kept until a pre-defined expiry date (lifespan); session: they are automatically deleted each time the browser is closed.
Without these cookies certain necessary services cannot function properly, so they will always be used and sent, unless the user changes his/her browser settings.
These cookies do not acquire any identifying personal information about the user.
2. Analytics Cookies
These cookies allow us to count visits and traffic sources, so we can measure and improve the performance of our site. They help us know which pages are the most and least popular and see how visitors move around the site. All information these cookies collect is aggregated and therefore anonymous. If you do not allow these cookies, we will not know when you have visited our site.
3. Functional Cookies
These cookies enable the website to provide enhanced functionality and personalization. They may be set by us or by third party providers whose services we have added to our pages. If you do not allow these cookies, then some or all of these services may not function properly.
4. Targeting Cookies
These cookies may be set through our site by our advertising partners. They may be used by those companies to build a profile of your interests and show you relevant adverts on other sites. They do not store directly personal information, but are based on uniquely identifying your browser and internet device. If you do not allow these cookies, you will experience less targeted advertising.
For all cookies, including the types mentioned before, the user can give his/her consent by setting browser preferences (see the following section).
You can turn off cookies on your computer through the settings in your browser. The cookie settings on your browser are generally accessible under “options”, “tools” or “preferences” in the internet browser menu. You can also consult the “help” item in the browser menu.
Different browsers may have different mechanisms to disable cookies. Here are the pages of browser suppliers that give detailed instructions on how to set your privacy preferences according to the browser used:
- InternetExplorer: https://support.microsoft.com/it-it/help/17442/windows-internet-explorer-delete-manage-cookies
- Chrome: https://support.google.com/chrome/answer/95647?hl=en
- Firefox: https://support.mozilla.org/en-US/kb/enhanced-tracking-protection-firefox-desktop?redirectlocale=en-US&redirectslug=enable-and-disable-cookies-website-preferences
- Safari: https://support.apple.com/it-it/guide/safari/sfri11471/mac